Populations of species of Pilosella in ruderal habitats in the city of Prague: frequency, chromosome numbers and mode of reproduction.
Veronika Křišťálová 1 , Jindřich Chrtek Jr. 2 3 , Anna Krahulcová 2 , Siegfried Bräutigam 4 & František Krahulec 2
- Department of Ecology, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamýcká 129, CZ-165 21 Prague 6 – Suchdol, Czech Republic
- Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Zámek 1, CZ-252 43 Průhonice, Czech Republic
- Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Benátská 2, CZ-128 01, Prague, Czech Republic
- Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde Görlitz, Postfach D-300154, 02806 Görlitz, Germany
Populations of Pilosella (Hieracium subgenus Pilosella) at ruderal localities were investigated in an urban area (Prague City) with respect to their distribution, variation in DNA ploidy level/chromosome number and mode of reproduction. The following species, hybridogenous species or hybrids (with ploidy level/chromosome number and mode of reproduction) were found: P. aurantiaca, P. caespitosa (4x, 5x), P. cymosa subsp. vaillantii (5x), P. officinarum (2n = 36, sexual; 2n = 54, sexual; 2n = 63), P. piloselloides subsp. bauhinii (2n = 45, 54; both apomictic), P. piloselloides subsp. praealta (5x; apomictic), P. brachiata (4x; sterile), P. densiflora, P. flagellaris, P. floribunda, P. erythrochrista, P. glomerata (5x; apomictic), P. leptophyton (5x; apomictic), P. rothiana (4x, apomictic), P. setigera, P. visianii (4x; apomictic), P. ziziana (4x, apomictic) and the previously undescribed hybridogenous type P. piloselloides × P. setigera (5x, apomictic). Pilosella visianii is reported from the Czech Republic for the first time. New habitats resulting from highway construction are suitable for Pilosella species. Many previously rare types, such as P. rothiana, can colonize these habitats and spread, not only locally, but also throughout the whole country.
chromosome numbers, DNA ploidy level, Pilosella, reproductive mode
How to cite
Křišťálová V., Chrtek J., Krahulcová A., Bräutigam S. & Krahulec F. (2010) Populations of species of Pilosella in ruderal habitats in the city of Prague: frequency, chromosome numbers and mode of reproduction. – Preslia 82: 437